Rubber grubs or Twirl tail jigs
Among the most effective lures expecially for small waters(pond and streams) is the curly tail grub with a lead head jig. This is a particular favorite of mine when fishing with an ultralight rod and reel as these lures not only attract a wide variety of fish they are also comparitively inexpensive so that it is not a tragedy when they snag on submerged brush or rock.
The grub is a J shaped piece of soft plastic which comes in a variety of colors and lengths from one inch to 4 inches or more. It is threaded onto a jig head so that the tail will move freely when it is drawn through the water. I generally use a 2 inch soft plastic grub most often with a 1/32 to 1/8 ounce jig head. A three inch plastic grub on a 1/16 to 1/4 ounce jig head. As a general rule it is best to use dark colored lures in stained and turbid water and lighter colors in clear water. Black, white, yellow and Chartruse are grub colors that no fisherman should be without.
Soft plastic worms
The key to fishing plastic worms it to fish them slowly and methodically around through the cover.
Texas rig - Nearly weedless it utilizes a bullet weight pegged with a toothpick.
In areas with dense cover such as water lilies and other aquatic vegetation a texas rigged plastic worm will not snag where other lures will.
A derivative of the old fish finder rig, the carolina rig is generally used to fish deeper water than the texas rig. It is tied by sliding a bullet weight or egg sinker on the line, followed by a plastic bead and a swivel. Most commonly sinkers of 1/2 to 1 oz are used when fishing with 12 to 20 pound lines. The plastic bead protects the knot on the swivel from being abraded by the sinker. Two to three feet of monofilament line is tied to the swivel with a worm hook/soft plastic lure on the end.